THE WORLD OF QATAR

heard of a desert mushroom, they are in for a treat. There is plenty of discovering to do in Bir Zekreet, whether one loves to just enjoy the waves and sunshine or encounter new forms of entertainment.

Rich with history of Qatar and its people, Al-Zubarah is one of the most interesting archaeological sites in the state. Just two km west of the Al-Zubarah fort, the Al-Zubarah settlement shows evidence of a long-standing community where rich oyster banks and good trading connections in and beyond the Gulf ensured prosperity.

Surrounded by a long wall belt and guard towers, the original town was 2,000 meters long and 600 meters wide. A separate quarter and a wider, more external wall were added later, and eventually houses were built outside of the walls.

The old town already existed in the early 17th century. In fact, an account written by Hamad bin Nayem bin Sultan Al-Muraikhi Al-Zubari Al-Qatari in April 1638, describes Al-Zubarah as a small harbor of 150 houses and 700 inhabitants, owning several boats and livestock, with multicultural inhabitants including Naim, Hawajer, Bedouins and Al- Ma'adha.

By 1765, the Al-Khalifa and Al-Jalahima groups, both of the Al-Utubi tribe, moved from their homeland of Kuwait to Bahrain in search of pearls and trading

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fort with additional walls. Many believe the walls connected Al-Murair with Al-Zubarah, but there is no clear evidence. The Al-Utubi also built a seawater canal used as a harbor connecting Al-Murair and Al-Zubarah with the sea.

In a few short decades, Al-Zubarah and Al-Murair became flourishing centers of trade and pearling, and were recognized points of reference for the entire Arabian Gulf.

In response, the Al-Khalifa invaded Bahrain in 1783, claiming sovereignty over the island. Little

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