Qatar, an independent and sovereign Arabian Gulf State, is located strategically between the East and West. Sharing land and maritime boundaries with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Iran and Bahrain, the country with its mostly desert climate extends over a Peninsula of about 200 kilometres long and 100 kilometres wide covering a total area of 11,850 square kilometres that is dotted
with islands and islets. Historically, Qatar has witnessed various cultures and civilisations through its millennia of history that began with the Stone Age. Discoveries in the West of Qatar have proven the existence of mankind during this prehistoric period. The sea played a key role in those early times as it does even today. Pottery and flint, tools, painted ceramic fragments and
vessels enhance the theories propounded by international experts. A barter trade system of mainly pottery and dried fish dominated that era. Emerging as one of the richest states in the Gulf, with regard to the trade and commerce during the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC, a period that witnessed the spread of the Bronze Age cultures and civilisations from Mesopotamia to the Indus Valley settlements, Qatar played a vital role in the transhipment of commercial goods as the finding of pottery fragments reveal. In the middle of the 2nd millennium, Qatar was to be influenced by others in the neighbourhood, who spread their influence throughout the Gulf region. There were close links between Qatar and Babylon during this period. Greco-Roman trade between Europe and India started passing via the Arabian Gulf in the 140s BC. Archaeological evidence found in Qatar suggests the Greek and Roman influences in the Peninsula.
Qatar in the world news
The State of Qatar has embarked on an ambitious national journey of human development and sustainable economic diversification that seeks a secure future for its people, built on human capital rather than its hydrocarbon resources. These steps build on Qatari the strong international presence of the country in the fields of energy, heritage, culture, and sports, not to forget the information. The Qatar National Vision 2030 is the guide for this two-decades-long journey that will impact all aspects of Qatar's economy, its society and its natural environment. The development envisioned by the Emir His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, has already seen some huge inputs into human development, economic develop- ment, environmental development and social development. Human
development for a sustainable, prosperous society. Economic development for a competitive and diversified economy to meet the needs of and secure a high standard of living for its people, now and in the future.Environmental development to balance economic growth, social development and environmental protection.