THE PHENOMENON QATAR
At the background of the dynamic Arab Spring, the State of Qatar proved to be one of the most active participants in building the new regional order. This small arid country which shares its borders with Saudi Arabia and across the Arabian Gulf with Iran did not remain in the shadow of those two regional giants and it is setting itself as an independent factor more and more successfully following its line in international relations.
The country stretches over 11 437 square kilometers, i.e. it is exactly ten times smaller than Bulgaria. Its size can be compared to the American mini-state Connecticut and Lebanon. Qatar's natural gas fields are estimated around 900 trillion cubic meters which makes it the third richest country in natural gas after Russia and Iran. Natural gas makes up 85% of the export revenues and the country's GDP. Meanwhile, the enormous oil fields amounting to over 25 bil
By Mohamed Khalaf
Fossil fuels are no doubt the reason for Qatar to have the highest living standard in the whole world - over 100 000$ per capita of the indigenous population. Another important factor is the extremely efficient social policy of the ruling Emirate dynasty. Over the last two decades the country has set itself ever more decisively as a mediator in the efforts to resolve complicated and often hard-to-settle conflicts. Qatari diplomacy was successful in settling down tension and signing an agreement between conflicting countries in the entire region. For instance, Qatar has successfully assisted resolving the disagreements between Eritrea and Sudan. Doha's intermediation