Leptis Magna was built in around 10 BC initially as a Phoenician trading colony. Then it fell into the hands of the Spartans within the Carthaginian state. It remained under Carthaginian rule until the end of the third Punic in 146 BC after which it became part of the Roman Republic. In around 23 BC, it became part of the Roman Empire as the harbour city for the province of Africa. It was the central point for providing the Empire with exotic animals. During the reign of Julius Caesar, the population of Leptis Magna was about 100 000 people. During the reign of Trajan the city became a colony and during the rule of Severus, who was born here, the city received the status of ius italicum which led to significant tax exemptions. Many trade roads converged at Leptis Magna and its prosperity was due to agricultural goods such as olives. The production and processing of olives was so prof itable for the population that in 46 BC, Julius

Wonders of Libya

Leptis Magna today is one of the five Libyan cities in the World Cultural Heritage list of UNESCO. The ruins of the city contain the Triumphal Arch of Severus, baths, the old and new forums and the theatre. The restored Amphitheatre and the Circus on the coast are

The Wonders of Libya